You know how important it is to have a powerful computer to handle all of your editing needs. Whether you’re editing footage from your smartphone or action camera, processing 4K video takes serious horsepower. With so many desktop options on the market, it can feel overwhelming to choose the right one.
As a tool you rely on daily, you want coverage if anything goes wrong. Reputable computer workstation makers offer 1-3 year limited warranties as standard. Extended warranties are also available for an extra fee. We’ll help you research what’s covered, response times, and support availability.
In this blog post, we’ll break down the key factors you need to consider when shopping for a video editing desktop.
The CPU, or central processing unit, is the brain of the computer and has one of the biggest impacts on video editing performance. You’ll want to pay close attention to the CPU model, generation, and core/thread count.
For smooth 4K editing, I recommend choosing a video editing desktop with at least a 6-core/12-thread Intel Core i7 or AMD Ryzen 7 CPU from the last few years. More cores allow your computer to handle more tasks simultaneously. Newer generations are also faster. Make sure the CPU is from within the last 3–4 years for best performance.
RAM, or random-access memory, is like short-term memory for your computer. When video editing, you’ll want at least 16GB of RAM, but 32GB is recommended for editing multiple high-resolution files at once. This allows your computer to keep more of your project loaded at one time without having to access the slower hard drive. Ensure your desktop has upgradeable RAM slots so you can add more down the line if needed.
Large Amount of Storage
With 4K and higher-resolution footage taking up massive amounts of space, storage is another crucial factor.
- You’ll want a large internal solid-state drive (SSD) for your operating system and applications and fast read/write speeds.
- A 1TB SSD is a good starting point, but 500GB will work in a pinch if you also have additional external storage.
- It’s also wise to have a secondary traditional hard drive or an external hard drive for long-term storage and backups.
Look for desktops with easy upgradeability so you can add more storage drives yourself down the line.
The graphics card, also known as the GPU, handles complex 3D rendering and visual effects. It’s essential for tasks like video playback, effects, color grading, and rendering exports. For buttery-smooth 4K editing, we recommend a desktop with at least an Nvidia GeForce RTX 2060 or AMD Radeon RX 5700.
These mid-range cards can handle multiple streams of 4K footage with effects applied. If your budget allows, a higher-end RTX 3060 Ti or RTX 3070 will give you more power headroom for complex projects. Make sure your video editing desktop has an upgradeable GPU slot so you can swap in a newer, more powerful card later on.
Considering the Price
Of course, your budget ultimately determines your options. For smooth 4K editing, I’d recommend a minimum $1000-$1500 budget for a capable desktop. You can find decent options for less, but don’t skimp too much, or you may face performance issues down the line.
Consider the total cost of ownership, including additional components like monitors, storage, and software, over just the base system price. Buying direct from manufacturers versus retailers can save money too. Financing options via the manufacturer may help fit a high-end system into your budget. In the long run, a powerful desktop for video editing pays off with faster workflows, saving you time and money.
The display is what you’ll be staring at for hours on end. While a 1080p screen will show your footage, a higher resolution 1440p or 4K display makes editing in larger canvases so much better. Make sure to get an IPS panel for accurate and lifelike colors. Also, look for wide color gamuts like Adobe RGB for true-to-life color grading.
A monitor with a refresh rate of at least 60 Hz keeps the footage buttery smooth. An external display is also great for multi-tasking with dual screens.
Array of Ports
As a mobile video editor, you’ll need ports for all your accessories and drives.
- Look for desktops with front and rear USB 3.0/3.1 ports for fast file transfers to and from cameras and drives.
- An SD card reader built into the front is also handy for dumping cards straight from your camera.
- Make sure there are also DisplayPorts and HDMI ports for connecting additional monitors.
- Thunderbolt ports are a bonus if you work with high-capacity external SSDs.
- Wi-Fi and Bluetooth are also useful for wireless file transfers and peripherals.
Adequate Cooling Solutions
Intensive tasks like video editing can cause components to heat up. You’ll want a video editing desktop with adequate cooling to prevent thermal throttling and component damage. Look for cases with multiple fan mounts and heat sinks on crucial parts. All-in-one liquid cooling solutions are even better for maintaining low temperatures under load. Make sure there is ventilation space around the case for airflow. Test the system under a full CPU/GPU workload to ensure temperatures stay reasonable.
Video Editing Software
Consider what video editing software you use, like Adobe Premiere Pro, and check the system requirements. Many PC makers sell systems pre-loaded with creative software trials. This is handy for testing workflow and performance out of the box. You can also install the software yourself. Make sure your desktop for video editing supports your software of choice and meets recommended requirements, especially for things like GPU-accelerated encoding and effects. Check software roadmaps too to future-proof your system.
If you need to transfer large files wirelessly while on location, 5GHz Wi-Fi 6 and Bluetooth 5.0 support are great. This allows fast wireless transfers from cameras and devices. Look for desktops with the latest wireless standards for maximum speeds. Thunderbolt ports also allow extremely fast file transfers using high-speed external SSDs. Consider your connectivity needs and choose a desktop that supports all relevant standards for a seamless workflow.
By keeping these key factors in mind, you’ll be able to identify a desktop perfectly suited to all your mobile video editing needs. Don’t hesitate to research reviews from other creators as well. And most importantly, have fun unleashing your creativity with a new system that helps you work faster and more efficiently.