What are the Symptoms and Causes of Throat Cancer?

Throat cancer is a cancerous tumour that develops in the throat (pharynx), voice box (larynx), or tonsils. Identifying the symptoms of throat cancer is essential for early diagnosis and effective treatment, such as Throat Cancer Treatment in Hyderabad, which can significantly improve outcomes.

Throat Cancer Symptoms

The symptoms of throat cancer can change depending on where exactly the cancer in the throat is situated; nevertheless, there are some typical indications, such as:

Chronic Cough: A persistent cough that does not go away and is unrelated to a cold or allergy could be a sign of throat cancer.

Voice Changes: If hoarseness or changes in voice persist for more than two weeks, laryngeal cancer may be suspected.

Sore Throat: A sore throat that does not heal over time but remains on one side may indicate the development of throat cancer.

Swallowing Problems: Experiencing pain or discomfort while swallowing (dysphagia) might be an early indication of pharynx cancer.

Unexplained Weight Loss: Sudden weight loss is often observed in patients with different types of cancer, including those affecting the throat.

Swelling in the Neck: Noticing lumps or swelling on necks could mean enlarged lymph nodes, which are common signs of cancer.

Earache: Consistent earaches, especially on just one side, could suggest that this person has developed throat cancer.

Breathing Issues: Difficulty breathing or noisy respiration may imply that there is a growth obstructing some parts of the passage through which air flows when you breathe

Coughing Blood Upwards: This might occur if the tumour erodes tissues around your throat.

Causes and Risk Factors of Throat Cancer

The reasons behind its occurrence and risk factors must be understood to prevent and identify throat cancer.

Tobacco use: This is the main predisposing factor to getting throat cancer. 

Alcohol intake: Intake of large amounts of alcohol increases the risk, especially when combined with smoking.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV): Infections with specific strains of HPV such as HPV-16 are associated with oropharyngeal cancers.

Gender and Age: The male sex is more susceptible to throat cancer, and it mainly affects individuals who have exceeded 50 years.

Diet: Eating a fruitless diet can increase the chances of getting throat cancer. 

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): Repeated backflow of stomach acids into the oesophagus may injure the mucus lining, thereby raising a person’s odds of developing this type of cancer.

Exposure to Certain Chemicals: Occupational exposure to wood dust, asbestos, and synthetic fibres has been linked to an increased risk of developing throat cancer. 

Genetic Factors: There might be some genetic predispositions that might contribute towards a person getting throat cancer.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Throat cancer diagnosis typically comprises physical examination, imaging studies like CT scans, MRI or PET scans and a biopsy of the suspected tumour. Upon establishing the diagnosis, throat cancer treatment options depend on the stage of the cancer, where it is located and an individual’s overall health status. Some common treatments include:

Surgery: To get rid of the tumour and some surrounding healthy tissue to kill all cancer cells.

Radiation Therapy: High-energy rays target and kill cancer cells.

Chemotherapy: Medicines are used to destroy cancer cells, usually in combination with radiation therapy.

Targeted Therapy: Medications or other compounds that act specifically on cancer cells without affecting normal ones.

Immunotherapy: It uses the body’s immune system to fight against cancer.


Symptoms in throat cancers can be recognized while their causes can be understood, leading to early detection, which is vital for effective treatment. For those who want Throat Cancer Treatment in Hyderabad, it is comforting to know that high-class oncology medical facilities in the city offer complete care and up-to-date technologies for treating cancers. Early intervention plus personalized treatment strategies significantly enhance the chances of a successful recovery from

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